Today, “science” often refers to a method of pursuing data, not simply the knowledge itself. In the 17th and 18th centuries scientists more and more sought to formulate knowledge in terms of legal guidelines of nature such as Newton’s legal guidelines of motion. And over the course of the 19th century, the word “science” became increasingly associated with the scientific method itself, as a approach to study the natural world, together with physics, chemistry, geology and biology. There is disagreement, nevertheless, on whether the formal sciences actually constitute a science as they don’t rely on empirical evidence. Disciplines that use existing scientific information for sensible functions, corresponding to engineering and medicine, are described as applied sciences. Some philosophers continue to work on issues that are continuous with the natural sciences, exploring, for instance, the character of house and time or the elemental options of life.

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